83-42 is the name for a small patch of rock, above sea level, located in the Arctic Ocean, which if confirmed may be the northernmost permanent point of land on earth. It is also sometimes referred to as Schmitt’s Island, after its discoverer.
It is 35m by 15m and 4m high, and lies at 83°42′05.2″N 30°38′49.4″WCoordinates: 83°42′05.2″N 30°38′49.4″W, 699.8 kilometers from the North Pole. Discovered in 1998, it is
4 meters high, and lichens were found growing on it, suggesting it was not a temporary gravel bar as are commonly found in that region.